Annual Horoscopy of Jyotish (Part 2)
Sanjay Rath and P.V.R. Narasimha Rao
Let us recapitulate the technique of Tithi Pravesha (TP) which was introduced earlier. TP is the technique of annual horoscopy that uses the luni-solar
calendar of tithis. Every year, the annual birth moment or Tithi Pravesha is found when
Sun returns to his natal sign and Moon is at the same displacement angle from Sun as at
birth. In other words, the annual birth moment is found when Sun returns to his natal sign
and the tithi of birth returns, with the same fraction of tithi left as at birth.
A chart cast for the annual birth moment or Tithi Pravesha throws light on the main
events of the year. Use of the weekday and the placement of lagna from natal lagna were
seen in the May issue. It was also seen that the lord of the hora (hour) plays a very
important role and his ownerships, placement, strength and yogas have a great bearing on
the main events during the year.
In addition to these special principles, one can use all the principles that are applicable in
natal horoscopy. We can use arudhas, sahamas, divisional charts, ashtakavarga etc. Two
main differences when analyzing an annual TP chart are:
• Readings obtained from an annual TP chart apply only to one year, and,
• Annual TP chart does not exist independent of the natal chart and hence natal
chart is the base for analyzing the annual TP chart.
Use of Ashtakavarga
Maharshi Parasara taught Maitreya that the intellectual pygmies of Kali Yuga cannot
cope with too many principles that demand fine judgment. He recommended
ashtakavarga as a simple technique that allows them to see things with reliable accuracy.
The wonderful technique of ashtakavarga is applicable not only in natal horoscopy, but in
annual horoscopy as well.
For a quick delineation of a chart, we can look at SAV (Samudaya AshtakaVarga). The
houses that have 30 or more rekhas (benefic points) will flourish, while the houses that
have less than 25 rekhas will suffer. If a TP chart has 35 rekhas in the 10th house, the year
will be good for career. If a TP chart has 20 rekhas in the 6th house, we can say that there
will not be obstructions and impediments. If a TP chart has 32 rekhas in the 6th house,
there will be some quarrels or fights in the year. In the case of a nation, it can show a war
or tension. If the TP chart has 35 rekhas in the 11th house, there will be tremendous gains
in the year. And so on.
Comparison of the strengths of the 11th and 12th houses in SAV is particularly important.
If the 11th house (and, secondarily, lagna) have more rekhas than the 12th house, then
income will be higher than expenditure. On the other hand, if the 12th house has a higher
score in SAV, the year in question will bring a lot of expenditure and losses.
Let us see some examples.
Example 7: Let us consider the native of Example 6 (see May 2002 issue). He went
abroad on 10th November 1994 and enjoyed a very good period in career from
December 1994. See Chart 6.
Birthdata: 4th April 1970, 5:47 pm (IST), 81 E 8', 16 N 10'
Annual TP Data (for 1994-95): 9th April 1994, 4:46:40 am (IST), 81 E 8', 16 N 10'
The 10th house of career is strong with 36 rekhas and its arudha pada is also very strong
with 37 rekhas. These factors indicate that this year will be very good for career.
However, the strongest house in SAV is the 11th house of gains, with 41 rekhas. That
makes the 11th house extra-ordinarily strong. The 12th house, on the other hand, is weak
with only 21 rekhas. Clearly, this year will bring tremendous gains. What will be the
source of gains?
We have to look at the planets influencing the 11th house to see that.
The 11th house is under rasi aspect only from Rahu in the 9th house and Ketu in the 3rd
house. This suggests gains from foreign sources (Rahu in 9th). In addition, the 11th lord
Saturn is strong in his moolatrikona in the 12th house, which stands for being far away
from motherland. The 12th lord Saturn in 12th and the other 12th lord Rahu in 9th clearly
show going abroad and that is how gains come. The clinching factor is that Rahu in the
9th house in watery Scorpio is merely 5 arc-min away from Jalapatana Sahama, which
shows foreign journeys.
When the readers learn in a future issue about an annual dasa system that goes along with
TP charts, they will see that the move came as soon as the annual dasa of Saturn started
and the next dasa of Jupiter – lord of the 10th house with 36 rekhas in SAV – was good
Example 8: Let us reconsider Example 5 (see the May 2002 issue). During the year,
Pakistan took part in a war with Taliban and came very close to a war with India.
Birth data: 14th August 1947, 0:00:01 (IST), 67 E 3', 24 N 52'
Annual TP Data: 16th August 2001, 15:27:00 (IST), 67 E 3', 24 N 52'
We have seen in the May issue that the strength of the 8th house and the placement of
annual lagna in the 8th from natal lagna resulted in suffering from past mistakes, but the
strength of lagna lord and hora lord, Mars, resulted in a fresh and bold new beginning
under the leadership of a General (Mars).
In addition, it may now be seen that the 6th house (Aries) is the strongest in SAV, with 40
rekhas. The 6th house being extra-ordinarily strong shows a war or a strong enmity.
Usually, a strong 6th house in SAV in a nation’s TP chart shows one of the following:
• a war,
• development of new enmities,
• particularly hostile relationships with an enemy, or,
• great pressure from an enemy
Example 9: In comparison, let us take India’s 1971-72 chart. India humiliated
Pakistan in a war in December 1971 and Bangladesh was created from East
Pakistan. See Chart 7.
Birth data: 15th August 1947, 12:00:01 am (IST), 77 E 12', 28 N 36'
Annual TP Data: 20th July 1971, 14:53:51 (IST), 77 E 12', 28 N 36'
The 6th house is the strongest house in SAV just like in the previous example. It contains
39 rekhas in SAV and is the strongest house. Thus India had to face a war during the
The strength of the 6th house in SAV only shows a war or a quarrel or hostile relations or
pressure from enemies. It does not show success or failure in war. For that, we have the
judge the relative strengths of arudha lagna (AL) and Satru Pada (A6) and look for the
presence of natural malefics in the 3rd and 6th houses from them. AL shows India and A6
shows the enemy. In the above chart, A6 is in Cancer. With its lord Moon in the 12th
house from it with badhaka lord Venus, A6 is weak. More importantly, the 3rd and 6th
from A6 are not occupied or even aspected (using rasi aspect) by natural malefics. These
factors show the fall of the enemy.
On the other hand, AL is in Pisces and its lord Jupiter protects it from the 9th house. The
3rd house from AL contains Saturn. In addition, Mars and Rahu aspect both the 3rd and
the 6th houses from AL. While 39 rekhas in the 6th house in SAV forced a war on India,
the relative strength of AL over A6 made India triumph during the year.
Of course, the fact that Satru Sahama in Cancer was afflicted by Ketu within half a
degree also played a role in the enemy (satru) being reduced ashes (Ketu). This result of
Ketu is given by his dispositor Moon in his annual dasa, as will become clear when the
annual dasa is defined in a future issue.
Example 10: In contrast, let us take India’s 1962-63 chart, when India was
humiliated by China in a war. See Chart 8.
Birth data: 15th August 1947, 12:00:01 am (IST), 77 E 12', 28 N 36'
Annual TP Data: 29th July 1962, 4:26:57 pm (IST), 77 E 12', 28 N 36'
Like the TP chart of 1971-72, this chart also has a strong 6th house in SAV. The 6th house
is the strongest house in SAV, with 34 rekhas. It contains Satru Sahama too. In addition,
its lord Venus is in fiery Leo in Satru pada (A6). Thus Venus shows a war, possibly in his
annual dasa. The question is: Why did India suffer setbacks in the war?
The 3rd house from AL is occupied by Moon and there are no other planets occupying or
aspecting the 3rd or 6th from AL. This is not suggestive of an Indian victory. On the other
hand, A6 in Leo has two natural malefics, Saturn and Ketu, in the 6th from it and Mars
aspects both the 3rd and the 6th houses from A6. This clearly shows enemy’s emphatic
Natal Chart Links
Natal chart shows the inherent potential in a person and an annual TP chart shows
temporal potential during a year. The two potentials should be combined to judge events
that are possible during a year.
To judge the potential of the matters denoted by a house or an arudha pada during a year,
we can consider two factors:
• Take the sign containing the house or arudha pada of interest in the annual TP
chart. See its score in the SAV of the natal chart.
• Take the sign containing the house or arudha pada of interest in the natal chart.
See its score in the SAV of the annual TP chart.
If both the scores are high, the indications of the house or arudha pada considered will
flourish during the year. If both the scores are low, they will suffer during the year.
For example, if the sign containing upapada in the annual chart is strong in the SAV of
the natal chart and the sign containing upapada in the natal chart is strong in the SAV of
the annual chart, then the year may bring marriage. If the sign containing roga pada in the
annual chart is strong in the SAV of the natal chart and the sign containing the roga pada
in the natal chart is strong in the SAV of the annual chart, then the year may bring
diseases, enmities and obstacles.
Let us revisit example 7 to illustrate this principle. Readers may note that Griha Pada
(A4) is in Virgo in this chart. In natal chart’s SAV, Virgo is strong with 30 rekhas. Also,
A4 of the natal chart is in Leo and Leo is strong in the annual TP chart’s SAV with 37
rekhas. As these two factors suggest, the native bought an apartment in the year.
In addition to SAV, we can take the BAV (Bhinna AshtakaVarga) of a planet and use it
to judge the strength of the planet. For example, take the lagna lord of the annual TP
chart and note the sign containing him in the annual TP chart. If that sign is strong in his
own BAV of the natal chart, it shows that the lagna lord of the annual chart has the
support of natal chart to flourish. It is favorable. On the other hand, if the sign containing,
in the annual chart, the 6th lord of the annual chart, is strong in the natal chart’s BAV of
that planet, it shows that the 6th lord of the annual chart has the support of natal chart to
flourish. It is unfavorable as the 6th house is a dusthana.
Thus, we judge the potential of planets in an annual TP chart based on the strengths of
their annual TP chart positions, as judged from the respective BAVs of the natal chart.
The strengths of lagna lord, lagna and arudha lagna are particularly important. Strengths
of lagna and arudha lagna in the annual TP chart are judged based on the natal chart
BAVs of Sun and Moon respectively. For example, Indian Prime Minister Sri A.B.
Vajpayee’s annual TP chart for 1998-99 contained lagna in Taurus and arudha lagna in
Virgo. Sun’s BAV of his natal chart had only 4 rekhas in Taurus, but Moon’s BAV of his
natal chart had 7 rekhas in Virgo. The year was average (4 out of 8) for his health and
vitality (lagna), but exceptional (7 out of 8) for his image and status (arudha lagna). He
led India in the Kargil offensive against Pakistani intruders and won re-election.
Example 11: Let us revisit example 10. In the annual chart, 6th house is in Taurus.
Readers may see that Taurus is the strongest sign in natal chart’s SAV, with 44 rekhas.
So, the houses or arudha padas that fall in Taurus in a year’s annual TP chart will usually
prosper during that year. As the 6th house of obstacles falls in Taurus in 1962-63 chart, it
is an unfavorable year for India.
In the annual chart, lagna lord Jupiter is in Aquarius and 6th lord Venus is in Leo. Natal
chart BAV of Jupiter contains only 2 rekhas in Aquarius, but natal chart BAV of Venus
contains 5 rekhas in Leo. Thus lagna lord’s potential to protect does not find support from
the natal chart (inherent potential), while the 6th lord’s potential to harm finds support. As
a result, it is an unfavorable year for India.
Example 12: Let us consider a native who got married on February 27, 2002. See
Birthdata: 7th February 1975, 12:13 am (IST), 80 E 27', 16 N 18'
Annual TP Data (for 2002-03): 8th February 2002, 4:53:28 am (IST), 80 E 27', 16 N 18'
For marriage, we should first see upapada. Upapada in natal chart is in Taurus. In the
SAV of the annual TP chart, Taurus is strong with 31 rekhas. So the inherent potential of
marriage has support from the temporary factors at work for the start of the New Year.
Upapada in the annual TP chart is in Capricorn. In the SAV of the natal chart, Capricorn
has 29 rekhas and is not weak.
Another important factor for marriage is the strength of the 7th lord. In the annual TP
chart, Mercury is the 7th lord and he is in Capricorn. As the natal chart BAV of Mercury
contains 6 rekhas in Capricorn, he is strong. Thus the bringer of marriage in the year has
support from inherent potential. The other side of this coin is the annual strength of the
natal 7th lord. The natal 7th lord works for the goal of marriage and brings marriage when
he is strong in a year. Mars is the 7th lord in natal chart. He is in Pisces in the annual TP
chart and Pisces has 5 rekhas in Mars BAV as per both natal and annual charts.
Apart from ashtakavarga related points, one may note that upapada in Capricorn has a
raja yoga between the lords of the 7th house of marriage and the 9th house of dharma. This
raja yoga promises marriage and adherence to dharma. The two planets in this yoga –
Mercury and Sun – are strong in their respective natal chart BAVs, with 6 and 5 rekhas
respectively. Thus, what they promise in the year has support from inherent potential.
Thus, it is not a wonder that the native got married during the year. When the readers
learn in a future issue about an annual dasa system that goes along with TP charts, they
will see that the wedding came in 7th lord Mercury’s dasa.
Example 13: Let us consider the assassination of Srimati Indira Gandhi.
Birth data: 19th November 1917, 11:07:00 pm (IST), 81 E 52', 25 N 28'
Annual TP data (1983-84): 10th December 1983, 3:32:04 am (IST), 81 E 52', 25 N 28'
Mrityu pada (arudha pada of the 8th house, i.e. A8) and the 3rd house from arudha lagna
(AL) show death. Let us check their strengths between the natal and annual charts.
In the natal chart, A8 is in Libra and the 3rd from AL is in Gemini. In the annual TP
chart’s SAV, these two signs are strong with 30 and 31 rekhas respectively.
In the annual TP chart, A8 is in Pisces and the 3rd from AL is in Virgo. In the natal
chart’s SAV, these two signs are strong with 33 and 37 rekhas respectively.
These two factors can give death during the year.
We have seen the use of ashtakavarga, arudhas and some other basic principles of chart
analysis in this issue. In the coming issues, we will see the use of divisional charts and
other basic Jyotish tools such as Kala Chakra, sahamas, Yoginis and special points like