The main purpose of creating this blog is to provide material and guidance to the students of Vedanga Jyotisha who are appearing for BA as well as MA level examinations of Kavi Kulaguru Kalidas Sanskrit University. I hope this effort will be welcomed by all the students of the Vedanga Jyotish and this effort will be useful to them. Dewavrat Buit dewavrat2000@yahoo.com

Tuesday, July 04, 2006


Graha Guna Adhyaya

atha grahaguëasvarüpädhyäyaù 3
then moving-bodies character form chapter
atha: then moreover rather certainly but else what? how else?
guëa: a quality, peculiarity, attribute or property
sva: own, one's own, my own, thy own, his own, her own, our own their own
rüpa: any outward appearance or phenomenon or colour, form shape, figure
ädhyäya: a lesson, lecture, chapter
“Here follows the chapter on grahas charechteristics and their form.”
Graha comes from the word; Grahaëa, meaning to seize/hold or eclipse. Hence the Grahas are those who have the power to seize the animate beings, and direct their course in life. The most powerful Grahas are the nodes (Rahu & Ketu) as they have the power to eclipse the sun and moon.
Guëa refers to the characteristics of an object without keeping its actual physical form in mind. I.e. The Guëa of an object will tell us about its weight, matter, density, nature, character, etc, but not its form. There are 18 Guëa’s; however 24 Guëa’s, are listed as per the Nyäya philosophy:
1. rüpa, shape, color;
2. rasa, savour;
3. gandha, odour;
4. sparza, tangibility;
5. saàkhyä, number;
6. parimäëa, dimension;
7. prthaktva, severalty;
8. saàyoga, conjunction;
9. vibhäga, disjunction;
10. paratva, remoteness;
11. aparatva, proximity;
12. gurutva, weight;
13. dravatva, fluidity;
14. sneha, viscidity;
15. zabda, sound;
16. buddhi or %{Jnäna} , understanding or knowledge;
17. sukha, pleasure;
18. duùkha, pain;
19. icchä, desire;
20. dveña, aversion;
21. prayatna, effort;
22. dharma, merit or virtue;
23. adharma, demerit;
24. saàskära, the self-reproductive quality
One should know all the Guëa’s of all the Grahas.
Svarüpa is the form of an object, without keeping in mind its characteristics. The Svarüpa is a form as perceived through ones vision

kathitaà bhavatä premëä grahävataraëaà mune
teñaà guëasvarüpädyaà kåpayä kathyatäà punaù 1

kathitaà: narated
bhavatä: you
premëä: gladly
grahävataraëaà: grahas and their avataras
mune: purest among saints
teñaà: their
guëa: a quality, peculiarity, attribute or property
sva: own, one's own, my own, thy own, his own, her own, our own their own
rüpa: any outward appearance or phenomenon or colour, form shape, figure
adyaà: now
kåpayä: may kindly be, to have pity, to praise, to mourn, grieve, lament
kathyatäà: please narate
punaù: again, again, once more, repeatedly, give back, restore, turn around, to fall back, exist again
“Oh highest among Munis, you have already narated the avataras and their grahas, very affectionately. Now tell about their characteristics and their forms, which we are longing to understand.“

çåëu vipra pravakñyämi bhagrahäëäà paristhitim
äkäçe yäni dåçyante jyotirbimbätyanekaçaù 2

çåëu: listen
vipra: stirred or excited (inwardly), inspired , wise, said of men and gods, esp. of Agni, Indra, learned, a sage, seer, singer, poet, learned theologian, Brähman, a priest, domestic priest
pravakñyämi: telling, described, mentioned hereafter or subsequently
bha: Of the planet Venus or its regent, semblance, delusion, error, light or a beam of lñlight, lustre, splendour, the shadow of a gnomon Su1ryas. appearance, resemblance, likeness, n. a star, planet, asterism, lunar añasterism or mansion (and so also the number 27 nakSatra), sign of the zodiac
grahaëäà: seizing, holding, resounding in, an organ of sense Yogas, a prisoner, seizing, holding, taking, taking by the hand, marrying, catching, seizure, taking captive, seizure (as by a demon causing diseases), demoniacal possession, seizure of the sun or moon, eclipse, gaining, obtaining, receiving, acceptance
pari: round, around, about, round about fully, abundantly, richly, to express fulness or high degree), about (in space and time), against, opposite to, in the direction of, towards, beyond, more than, successively, severally, he waters tree after tree)
sthitim: situation, abode, residence, fixedness, firmness
äkäçe: free or open space, vacuity, the ether, sky or atmosphere, the subtle and ethereal fluid (supposed to fill and pervade the universe and to be the peculiar vehicle of life and of sound)
yäni: those who are
dåçyante: visible within boundries
jyotir: light
bimba: {also vimva}, of doubtful origin, the disk of the sun or moon, any disk, sphere, orb (often applied to the rounded parts of the body) an image, shadow, reflected or represented form, picture

teñu nakñatrasaïjïäni grahasaïjïäni känicit
täni nakñatranämäni sthirasthänäni yäni cai 3

gacchanto bhäni gåhëanti satataà ye tu te grahaù
bhacakrasya nagaçvyaàçä açvinyädisamähvayäù 4

taddvädaçavibhägästu tulya meñädisaïjïakäù
prasiddhä räçayaù santi grahästvarkädisaïjïakäù 5

räçénämudayo lagnaà tadvaçädeva janminäm
grahayogviyogäbhyäà phalaà cintyaà çubhäçubham 6

Among the signs, the one who is rising is the lagna. This is usually the indicator of the birth. Based on the combinations between the various planets the auspicious and inauspicious fruits are to be known.
Incase of Adhana and Punya Charts, the Lagna will never indicate birth.

saïjïä nakñatravåndänäà jïeyäù sämänyaçästrataù
etacchästränusäreëa räçikeeöaphalaà bruve 7
all knowledge
Complete and total knowledge of the Nakñatras is to be known from the general çastras. From these çastras one will also learn about the houses, I will now proceed to speak on the fruits of the räçi’s and those other moving bodies.
The Janma Nakñatra shows which special essence of spirituality the native is a part of in the sky.
The first nakñatra is that of asvini, presided over by the Asvini Kumars. This is the 1st nakñatra which has todo with healing. Hence the Lagna nakñatra should be seen for healing the body. Asvini represents that which prevents aging. By wearing Asvagandha on ones body, shani will not preside over the native and one will not age. The Nakñatra in which Çäni feels debilitated is Asvini, whilst it falls in Bharani. Planets in Asvini will be able to fight the ill effects of Çani.
Example: A person "A" has Moon in Poorva Bhadrapada (Poorva means behind, and Bhadrapada means auspicious feet – the hind leg among the auspicious feet. These are auspicious because they take you in the right direction). It represents a funeral cot, indicating the first thought about spirituality, the deity is Ajaikapada who is a goat headed form of Çiva standing on 1 foot doing severe tapasya. This symbolizes balancing the impossible Pürva and Uttara Bhadrapada are exactly 180 degrees opposite Pürva and Uttara Phalguni.
Example: A Person "B" has Moon in Chitra Nakñatra – deity is Tvästha (Tva-Ishta). Chitra symbolizes bringing events to an end and beginning new events. Chitra means picture and the mind will dwell on images. Tvastha is an Asura (that which works in the night), and is strong in the night. Tvastha is the maker of the bodies of men. Due to this Brahma is associated with the 6th house which is the sign in which Chitra resides (virgo). The symbol is a glowing gem. It is the halfway point of the Nakñatras and the basis of the ayanamsa.
Example: Aperson C's Moon is in Hasta Nakñatra, meaning the palm; the deity is Savitur (Prasava Karana/creator) – causing the supreme knowledge. People with planets in Hasta Nakñatra will have some healing powers in their hand. The gem indicated by that planet in Hasta will enhance this ability if worn. Their dexterity, understanding, foresight, etc. through their/others hands will be the abilities. The symbol is the hand.
Example: A person "D" has Moon in Rohini Nakñatra. Symbol is a bullock cart – importance is layed on which part of the cart the Graha is in. Brahma is the deity and it is from this Nakñatra that the creation started with the mana, then moha. Rohini is the favorite of Sri Krishna, because it’s the vargottama position of the Moon. Rohini represents those foods which benefit the body and mind.
Example: A person "E" has Moon in Uttara Phalguni – possible meaning; the Guna’s which bring about Phala (fruits). Since fruits relate to offspring this Nakñatra is important for children. Jupiter is the Phalguni-Bhava; the one who bestows the fruits of phalguni. The Full moon in Phalguna is the birth of Dattatreya. Poorva represents the lower part of the bed symbolizing the sexual intercourse and carnal desires, whilst Uttara Phalguni represents the act of upbringing and furthering the lineage as part of ones dharma. The deity is Aryaman.
Example: A person F's Moon is in Satabhisaj (on the border), the deity is Varuna (the head of the Ashtaadityas). He is the lord of the waters. He is the lord of the ocean and in this ocean he had a daughter called laxmi and a son called Chandra. He is responsible for causing punishment, and his weapon is the noose. When the noose of Varuna comes, nothing in the 3 worlds can break it. Varuna will always follow the rules of nature. If someone breaks the rules, varuna will be the one causing the punishment. Since Varuna resides in the natural badhak sthana (Aqua) he has the power to order adrishta aguntaka badhak. Diseases caused by this cannot be cured by dhanvantri. It can give the knowledge of the entire ocean – Sata (100) bhisaj (lights). If Varuna is supporting his children will also support and there will always be resources (Chandra) and food/wealth (Laxmi). Great astrologers and healers are produced from Satabhisaj, as they are able to understand the root cause of all ailments, instead of the superficial understanding. However this Nakñatra is very dangerous incase of the onset of disease. The symbol is 100 lights.
Example: A person G's Nakshtra is Bharani – deity is Yama, 2nd Nakñatra, symbol is Yoni. The rules through which you will be reborn (from the yoni) are set by Yama who causes our birth and death. The symbol of the yoni is an upside down triangle. Yama presides over the buffalo. The Devi of this Nakñatra is Durga, the killer of the buffalo. The worship of Durga will remove the evils from this Nakñatra. Bharani is a name of Rahu, hence the biggest hurdle for those born in Bharani is to get over Rahu, as Rahu causes Durgati and the goal of Bharani is Durgati-nashinyai; the destruction of durgati. Since Rahu represents the noose of Varuna, they will have troubles from the ocean/water. Bharanda means buffalo. Bharani presides over butchery. A planet in Bharani indicates a crime/heartless act one has performed against mother-nature, by the native. Such people will be strongly influenced by thoughts of celibacy. Bharana is the opposite of Harana. The various Grahas will show which person must liberate the native from this suffering.
The Moon placed there show the native has mental torment due to this fact and must liberate themselves through ahimsa.
The Lagna shows the natives own intelligence will be unstable due to this and must act upon removing their sins.
Jupiter indicates that the Guru will give this knowledge to the native.
Pushya Nakñatra is auspicious for all muhurta’s except Marriage. The reason being that Båhaspati is the deity presiding over Pushya, who’s wife had a child from Chandra and hence marriage during Pushya can cause the birth of a child from someone other than the spouse. Båhaspati is Karaka for 2nd, 5th, 9th and 11th houses which are the auspicious houses for causing rajya yoga. Pushya is the Yoga Tara (star from which the Yogas are calculated from). Yoga means union/that which is opposite of breaking. Pushya being ruled by Båhaspati presides over the Akaña Tattva, which is the binging element which brings people together. More Akaña Tattva enables more people to be brought together, and will indicate highly populated places. Worshipping any devi during Pushya Nakñatra removes all evils related to relationships – especially the worship of Tara. The symbol of Pushya is a cows udder and a lotus (secondary symbol). Those Nakñatras having the lotus is where Jupiter has the power to bring one out of dirt. For people born in this Nakñatra the period of Rahu will be extremely unfavorable being that the presiding deity of Pushya is Båhaspati. For spiritual purposes Pushya may not be important for spirituality, instead Nakñatras identified with Agni are needed to indicate the ability to burn away sin. Sun is the focus for spirituality and adhi devata is Agni. The Pratyadi devata is Çiva, and the worship of the Çiva linga in the appropriate direction will increase the spirituality of the native, day by day. The stronger a Graha is, the harder its enemy will strike upon the native. Açléça Nakñatra is the most feared Nakñatra for the åñi’s (pisces), since Asleesha is the ghatak Nakñatra for pisces. Sri Rama was born from Pushya being an avatara, Laxman was born from Asléña hence he was an incarnation of Sesa Naga. Bharat was born with Pisces lagna, and hence he would not rule without the sandals of Ram. Hence those who worship Rama in Wooden sandals, will never loose their guru’s and never loose their knowledge. Both the nodes were born in their full form from Asleeça. Since all creation starts from Cancer, it ends in Abhijit in Capricorn. A-sleesha, means to break/detach, just as Pushya brings things together again. Revati is the spouse of Balarama.
Balarama is an incarnation of Seña Naga. Hence the link between Revati and Asleesha both are Nagas. The end of these two nakñatras takes one towards gandanta, and represents Rahu at its peak/height.
Moola Nakñatra also has this quality, whilst Jyestha, Magha and Asvini are working towards removing Gandanta.
The first 9 nakñatras from Asvini represents the 1st half of life. The 9 stars from Magha represents the karma kñetra. The last 9 nakñatras represent the Adhana – that which occurred prior to birth and are hence counted in reverse. This is applied to the Janma Nakñatra where we divide the stars into 3 groups as per above. Being an incarnation of the nodes, they will not follow the Sun, will have poor discrimination due to the debility of Mercury, will have a strong attachment to culture/beuty/pompousness.

Lagna placed here will make the native suffer in their judgment of people. The Degree of the Arudha Lagna will be the same as that of the Lagna. Hence we can arrive at the Arudha Lagna’s Nakñatras. The cycle in which the body shall follow is seen from the Nakñatra of the Arudha Lagna. To strengthen the body/Arudha, one should wear the vimshottari lord of ones Arudha Nakñatra.
The relationship between the Arudha Nakñatra and the Chandra Nakñatra will indicate how bodily conscious the native is. Even (female energy) numbers are inauspicious, among which 4th is the worst showing a complete neglect. This method of counting between the body and mind, depends on the male and female energies. The number should also be used as per its numerological equivalent. Hence the number 4 is the worst due to being lorded by Rahu, followed by Saturn (8), then Venus (6) and lastly Moon (2). This number will show the persons reaction towards their neglect of health.
The relationship between Lagna Nakñatra to Chandra Nakñatra will show the impulses received by the Manas to cause actions. Should the relationship be Puruña (male) the impulses from the indriyas to the manas will be positive, otherwise opposite. The reasoning being that there are 10 indriyas – 5 masculine (karmendriya) and 5 feminine (gyanendriya). The 10th indriya is always strong, one should determine the indriya indicated by the number to understand which indriya is the strongest.
The first thing which was created was akasha, as the bindu merged into the akasha to cause the procreation of the universe.
Then once the akasha merges with agni, energy enters and catalyses the energy to cause the creation. Then the 3 primordial compounds enter in the form of Väyu, Jala and then Påthvé to cause solid form.
The Äkäça Tattva is not dependant on the ear, but the best receptive of sound is the ear, being that Äkäça is received as a vibration.

There are a few different systems of Rasa’s. Pancharasa related to 5 tattva’s, Shadrasa work on the level of the ñadripu. The Saptarasa are related to creation i.e. Sapta+Rasa+vati = “The embodiment of all creation in the form of the Rasa’s”. Moon and Venus preside over Jala Tattwa which rules the Rasa’s, and are vital in determining the procreative ability. The Gyanendriya of Jala Tattwa is Venus whilst the Karmendriya is from the Moon, just as desire to procreate (cause Rasa) is caused by Venus whilst the Rasa’s sustenance (through pregnancy) is indicated by the Moon. Hence the Moon+Venus Yoga is able to cause the ability to of creation. Hence when Moon+Venus are in trines to Navamsa Lagna the person is a great creator, i.e. big industrialists, entrepreneurs, etc. This also causes a lot of virility.
Rasa means juice, liquid, flavour and Rasanä means the object which tastes – the tongue. There are 64 different tastes linked to the 64 diseases which can arise in the body.

The smells will follow the same pattern as the Rasa. Each molecule has a particular smell, and is dependant on the solid form of a molecule, and when this becomes a smell, one responds to this as a taste.

The purpose of sight is to ensure that ones direction/Gati is right. Hence Sight and movement are interlinked. There are 3 types of eyes/sight. Agni Chakñur (that which causes an impulse (sometimes unknown)), Surya Chakñur (that which makes one store wealth or accumulate) Chandra Chakñur (that which causes one to reflect based on experience). The feet/movement are a karmendruya of the same. Symbolically the feet are seen from Pisces, whilst the number 12 is also called Aditya.

yasmin käle yataù kheöä yänti dåggaëitaikatäm
tata eva sphuöäù käryäù dikkälau ca sphuöau vida 8

Know all calculations, different lagna’s, positions of the 9 graha’s, latitudes, speed, motion, signs, their amsa’s, the upagrahas, panchanga, ishta kal, etc. portion of tithi and nakshatra, sahams, special points, and different tithis.

svasvadeçodbhavaiù sädhyaà lagnaà räçyudayaiù sphuöam
athädau vacmi kheöänäà jätirüpaguëänaham 9
atha kheöä raviçcandro maìgalaçca budhastathä
guruù çukraù çané rähuù ketuçcaite yathäkramam 10
then follows planets sun moon mars and mercury

Agni, Surya and Indra are the 3 important deities for Bhur, Bhuva and Svarga loka’s. If these deities are not pacified then these lokas will not be beneficial unto one.
The best names for the grahas;
Sun – Ra-vi = Agni – to me, let agni be auspicious unto me.
Moon – Chan-dra,
Mars – Man-gal,
Jupiter – Gu-ru, the one who burns (ru) away ignorance (gu).
Venus – Çu-kara, the one who does (kara) good things (Çu) i.e. Çukra.
Çani – Ça-né = the one who excludes (nI) all auspiciousness (Ça).
Rahu – Ra-hu, the one who suppresses (hu) the holy fire (ra).
Ketu – Ke-tu, the one who humiliates (tu) the creator (ka), who destroys ahamkara.
Through the 108 names, one should know the various forms of the planets.

taträrkaçanibhüputräù kñéëendurähuketavaù
krüräù çeñagrahä saumyäù krüraù krürayuto budhaù 11
in the same vain sun saturn son of the earth moon without light Rahu ketu. harsh

The Sun, Saturn, Mars, the Moon without light, Rahu and Ketu are harsh planets. The rest of the graha’s are auspicious. Mercury if conjoined a harsh planet will become harsh.
The proper definition is not malefic, but harsh, i.e. they may do good but in a harsh way. The Moons definition of light is many. One method is to divide it into the 2 pakña’s. Another method is to define it based on the moons visibility by dividing the visibility into 2 halves. There are 15 tithis and half of 15 is 7,5 i.e. 8th tithi. Hence from Sukla Añöami to Krishna Añöami the Moon has atleast half light.
Another method is to divide it into 3 part based on the moods of the mother. The first 10 tithi’s is the mother in the mood of Durga (Bhu Çakti. The next 10 tithis correspond to Laxmi (Çri Çakti). The last 10 tithi’s correspond to Kali (Néla Çakti). This is the basis of the Navadurga (+Durga herself), The Navalaxmi (+Mahalaxmi) and the Dasamavidya.
Use with regards to Lagna.
If the Lagna lord is Krura, the native is Krura. If this lord is joined Saumya then the native is sometimes saumya, and vice versa. If the Lagna has Krura grahas the native will become Krüra after the age of maturity of the Graha in lagna.
Case 1: – Lagna is Scorpio having 2 lords; Mars & Ketu both being Krüra indicates a Krüra behaviour. The Sun being in Lagna will dominate the behaviour and make the person very giving like the Sun but very arrogant.
Case 2: Sun & Venus in Lagna, whilst Lagna lord Jupiter is joined Mars and Mercury in 12th house. Focusing on the Graha’s in Lagna, the native will like the Sun (Krüra) after the age of 21/22, and after 25/26 the native will be extremely Saumya. However both traits will be there in the native, and the native will be extremely arrogant, whilst towards women the native will be extremely Saumya.
After the age of 30 (Jupiter) the native became extremely Krüra, due to the close conjunction of Mars with Jupiter. This happened when a relationship broke.
Case 3: – Aries Lagna with Lagna Lord Mars with the Sun in the 9th house. After the age of 21 the Sun dominated fully. Sun will generally be very giving with regards to knowledge, but can also be extremely arrogant.
The Naväàça is important. Among the Grahas previously mentioned, a planet in trines to Naväàça Lagna will indicate the stronger influence on the Lagna.
Case 4: – Sag Lagna, with Jupiter conjoined Ketu. The native has a Saumya nature, but will be Krura at times, especially after 43. This is good from spiritual perspective.
Case 5: – Aries Lagna with Saturn in it, Lagna lord Mars is joined Rahu and Moon in Aquarius. The native is Krüra (cold behaviour due to Çani) The Lagna lord Mars is joined Rahu and Moon, and whilst Rahu is closer to the Lagna Lord, the Ätmakäraka is the Moon which will dominate much more over the native’s behaviour. This is close to the case of Vaishali, except AK is Mars, showing a very Krüra type behavior. Incase of Andrea, the Moon being joined Malefics indicates that when she takes on the activity of Moon (singing in her case) there will be a lot of disturbance around her. Rahu being the suppressor of the Garbha Agni shows that this disturbance can be caused due to eating bad food before taking on the activity of the Moon. Similarly she should avoid the colors of Mars and Rahu – Moons colors will be auspicious.
Case 6: B having Virgo Lagna has no grahas in Lagna. The placement of the Lagna lord Mecury is joined. A similar case is that of Narasimha Rao, having Virgo Lagna with Mars, Venus and Saturn joined Lagna Lord in 8th house. Here his changeable nature around his Guru, is due to Jupiter having Graha Dristi on the Lagna Lord Mercury, hence he becomes Saumya around his Guru. Hence coming back to Barbara’s case, this Mercury is joined 6 planets – Ma, Su, Ju, Ve, Sa and Ketu. Depending on the association, the native will change their nature. Due to association with Guru’s – Venus is BK the native is very Saumya, same goes for association with Astrologers (Jupiter).
Case 7: F having , Gemini Lagna with Mercury joined Sun in 4th. in Virgo. The native tends to be very arrogant when he takes a leadership role, and also when it comes to knowledge. Being that Mercury lords the Åtu during the summer months/Gåñma Åtu, where the Sun/Mars is the strongest, the native will be overly influenced by the Suns influence. However this nature tends to become very Saumya due to his association with his Guru – Jupiter has Graha dåñöi on Mercury and the Sun.
Chart 8: Person S has Pisces Lagna with Jupiter in Aquarius. She is Saumya by nature, but Jupiter is conjoining Aquarius. Aquarius is the most Krüra Rasi, and is also called Ravana. Hence at times (conjunction) her nature changes to Kumbha.
Among the Krüra Rasi’s; worst is Kumbha (Ravana), Våschika (vengeful), Makara (place of the dead - evil), Meña (desire for power- suns exaltation), Siàha (Arrogance, desire to leave stupidity and live in the jungle). Notice that the lords of the Räçi’s are malefics.
Dåñöi of Graha’s modifies the nature through associations, not due to internal nature. Rasi Dåñöi indicates a long term association which isn’t easy to get rid of, whilst Graha dåñöi will indicate a short term/temporary association. Example of me – Rahu, Mars, and Saturn have Graha Dåñöi on the Lagna, whilst Ketu and Rahu have Räçi Dåñöi on the same. Rahu is furthermore AK. The native will be cheated due to Rahu being AK, and the native will take on the Krüra nature of Rahu and the area of the same will be seen from the house where it’s posited. Similarly when the act of writing (3rd) comes up the native will be extremely cutting/Krüra, due to Ketu’s placement. Saturn’s dåñöi on the Lagna from the 11th house indicates that during the act of Tapasya the native will become very cold (Saturn). The placement of Mars in the 10th house having Graha Dåñöi on the Lagna will indicate that in the act of Karma Yoga, the native will become extremely aggressive and Krüra and force themselves through life.

Graha Tithi; the relationship between the Mana and the Atma is the most important relationship. This is symbolized by the Tithi one is born under. The Tithi shows the journey, and the elapsed degrees in the Tithi will indicate the seat one occupies during the journey. i.e. the seat will indicate which purpose one has during the journey.

Similarly the Tithi calculated between the AK and the Moon will show the journey of the atma’s fulfillment of desire. The Tithi can be calculated between any graha and the moon. I.e. Jupiter’s Tithi will indicate which Tithi one should start a Sambandha with ones Guru/Children, etc. If the Tithi is an inauspicious Tithi, the Sambandha will be afflicted/bad.
Mars is posited in Sarvani’s
A7 indicating one of her relationships. Moon is 16:43 degrees away from Mars and indicates the Dvitiya Tithi. Dvitiya is lorded by Moon and causes the debilitation of Mars, hence there will be a fall (debilitation) before the relationship with the specific person breaks. Mars also lords the 9th house and is also Karaka for Brother. Sarvani’s father, brother and potential spouse have all suffered cerebral causes of death.

The relationship between Mercury and his Moon shows ones concept of knowledge, and which Sambandha and attitude one has with learning. This will show ones Mahavidya. The Graha presiding over the Tithi will indicate the aspiration (incase of Manushya Jataka we use Käla Chakra Lordship). The Mahavidya presiding over the Tithi will show the latent knowledge which the native will be blessed with. Incase of Freedom Cole this Vidya Tithi is indicated by Chaturthi (Mercury) hence his concept of learning is focused on learning itself. Incase of Sanjay Rath, the Tithi is Pratipad (Sun) indicating a desire to understand all knowledge. Eric and Visti have Krishna Ekadasi – indicating the lord Mars, showing the technical attitude towards knowledge. The placement of the lord of the Tithi shows how this Yoga manifests in a persons life. The placement of the Graha presiding over the Tithi will indicate which area of knowledge one will be interested in. The important bhavas for this placements are; 4th (Vidya), 10th (Siddhi), 5th (Dhi) and 9th (Gyana). The Lagna involved will indicate a desire for self-realization.

The lord of the Guru Tithi shows what the Guru desires of you. The deities presiding over the Tithi are the 8 forms of Çiva; Hara, Mahesvara, Shambu, Shoolapani, Pinakadrig, Çiva, Pasupati, Mahadeva.
Om Haraaya Namaù, Om Mahesvaraaya Namaù, Om Shambaave Namaù, Om Shülapanäye Namaù, Om Pinäkadrñe Namaù, Om Çiväya Namaù, Om Pasupatäye Namaù, Om Mahadevaaya Namaù are the mantra’s for each of them. These Mantra’s can be used based on the Chara Bhratri Karaka to ensure perfect relationship with the Guru’s Atma, or the lord of the Guru tithi to improve the physical level Sambandha.
Patikeçvara Linga
i. take the mud – going to buy the Linga - Hara
ii. mix water – making the linga - Mahesvara
iii. making/shaping the linga – also making - Shambu
iv. Call the lord - Shülapäëi
v. Put the linga on an asana - Pinäkadrñe
vi. Light the lamp - Siva
vii. Panchaupachara puja - Pasupati
viii. Ending the puja - Mahadeva

The type of Linga will depend on the Karaka of the AK’s house placement. This will ensure the purpose of the native’s atma will be fulfilled.

Sun - Copper
Moon - Spatik/Salt
Mars - Copper/Partikeshvara
Mercury- Gold/Rasa
Jupiter - Gold or wood (banyan tree)
Venus - Silver
Saturn - Black Stone
Rahu - Black Stone

Srila Prabhuda’s Guru Tithi is indicated by Dasami – Moon. Moon is 8th lord in the 6th house with 5th and 12th lord Mars. The placement in the 6th house indicates that service is required. This service was required through renunciation – 8th lord, and the focus is on Mars being 5th lord (spreading teachings) and in a foreign place (12th lord).
Visti’s Dakshina is indicated by Trayodasi with Jupiter in the 12th. Jupiter is 5th lord and 2nd lord indicating that the native must give knowledge which will ensure sustenance.
Next time we need to learn the 8 beejaksharas of agni.

sarvätmä ca divänätho manaù kumudabändhavaù
sattvaà kujo budhaiù prokto budho väëépradäyakaù 12
all atmas and lord of light mind excited/joyous. Strength Mars Mercury speech and their meaning.
atma: a (brahma akçara – that which caused creation) ma (me/i) – hence Atma.
Atma is there both in living and non-living. Atma may not have consciousness. Each object will have Atma. Atma is that which has independent existence. If the Atma is strong, the object will keep its created form, whilst if the Atma is weak the object is destroyed.
Jeeva-Atma means that living beings are attached to the Atma. Jupiter is the Käraka of Jeeva, just as Çani is the Käraka for Death. Brhaspati had this blessing of warding of death through his worship of Çiva in his form as Avadutteçvara as depicted in the Çiva Purana in the chapter on Avadutteçvara, Also read Avadutta Gita, Avadutta Brahmana. Venus/Çukräcarya is the one who helps us win over death, as he attained the blessings of the Sanjivani Mantra.
Incase of living beings the Paka Lagna becomes the Jéva, otherwise not. Incase of non-living beings, the Päka Lagna becomes Çani.
Param-Atma is that atma which is able to expand into many Jeevatma’s. One can have a predominance of Paramatma-amsa for temporary periods of time, just as in the case of Çri Parasurama where the Paramatma left him when he saw Çri Rama.
Çava means dead body and symbolizes the atma. When Jeevatma enters the body, this is caused by Çakti. Hence the Jeeva (Jupiter) uses the Çakti (Moon) to cause the birth. Hence to the word Çava we add Çakti Beeja (é). This becomes Çéva. This is why Kalika is also called Çavärudha. Kalika is depicted in two ways, depending on which foot she is using to stand on the Çava. The right foot is the case in the word; Çiva (Hrasya i) otherwise its Çéva (Dirgha i).
Incase of madness the important graha to look at is the position of Jupiter as madness is a curse of Jupiter on the Moon.
Sattva is seen from Mars – When Satya is strong ones strength is strong. Mars’ Tattva is Agni and with Agni comes the ability to see, hence sight is the actual source of strength. This sight resides in the 3rd eye.
One must understand the sources of strength;
1. The Atma Bala – when the Atma desires something, nothing can stand in its way and the house/sign will become strong.
2. Desire for learning (Mercury), application of Intelligence (Jupiter).
3. Similarly determine the reasons behind the other sources of strength.
Mercury rules speaking, but Akaña Tattva presides over the Gyanendriya and Karmendriya’s of sound. Mercury rules speech, because it rules the ability to copy sound/speech. Sarasvati is worshipped by mercury to have this ability. Her Beeja is Aim – this should be done in moderation as this can cause restlessness and such troubles. This can be balanced by Mauna Vrtam

Hreem balances all evils, whilst Shreem makes have good relationships with people.

devejyo jïänasukhado bhågurvéryapradayakaù
åñibhiù präktanaiù proktaçchäyäsünuçca duùkhadaù 13
he who provides illumination to the devatas knowledge happiness bhågu giver of semen/vigour. As taught by rishi’s the son of chaya is the root of all sorrows.

Saravali states;

ätmä raviù çétakarastu vetaù sattvaà dharäjaù çaçijo'tha väëé
guruùsito jïänaçukhe madaçca rähuù çäniù kälanarasya duùkham1
Päräçara and Saravali have each different definitions of Jïänaçukha. Incase of Päräçara he refers to Jupiter (devejyo) as being the cause of the ultimate knowledge of the universe. Saravali refers to the iha-loka Sukha caused by Venus.
An exalted Venus is like Bhågu and also refers to the form of the mother Laxmi who has the power to cause the entire creation through her Virya/Tejas. Tejas comes from Venus.
The method to use the Karaka is given in Saravali:

ätmädayo gaganagairbaàlibhirbalavattaräù
durbalairdurbaläste tu viparétaà çaneù kalam2

If the atma and other grahas are strong, their significances will be strong. Except incase of Saturn where when weak it will give less sorrow.

Kalyan Verma uses the world; Gagana meaning sky hence referring to the houses/bha-chakra.
The method of strength to be used is house-placements where the 6th house is the weakest house,
Sun; spirituality, Moon; mental balance, Mars; strength/sight, Mercury; Speech, Jupiter; knowledge, Venus; Material Comfort, Saturn; Sorrow, Rahu; ego.
One method is using Äñöakavarga (of either of the above mentioned kärakas) and seeing the contribution of bindus to the sign containing the Dasa lord. The NUMBER of bindus will indicate the level of the fruits of the specific Käraka. I.e. if Sun has a large contribution to the Dasa lords sign, the spirituality will be high.

Whichever houses aspected by Saturn will cause sorrow related to that house, unless the Käraka of the house is friendly towards Saturn. Bhågu states; the placement of Malefics in Dusthanas or Trikas is Good, as it shows the ability to fight. The placement of benefics in Kendras or Trikonas is auspicious as it shows the method of attaining the fruits of the Bhava.
This is ALSO to be applied to the Räçis. If a planet is debilitated it can cause Çrémanath yoga because it will have Graha dåñöi on its exaltation sign.
Example: Saturn in Lagna in Aries;
a) Saturn being placed in a quadrant is inauspicious
b) Saturn being placed in debilitation is again very inauspicious
c) Debilitated planets in quadrants is auspicious, and can cause Rajya Yoga. However this Rajya Yoga is caused at a specific cost.

In any Divisional charts, the aspect of Saturn on the Lagna will definitely cause sorrow in that aspect of life indicated by the Varga. Similarly look at the specific house in the Varga.
Example of (source of) Spirituality in Viàsäàça;
a) Sun gives Atmagyän and its placement in Viàsäàça will determine how/when the spirituality will increase.The House the Sun is placed in will determine the latent spirituality. If its in an auspicious house the spirituality will be on the increase. i.e. 12th house will cause rejection of spirituality or little of the same, in the Viàsäàça.


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